Stroke & Neurointervention Foundation

SNIF

Stroke & Neurointervention Foundation

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Home :: Stroke
Stroke
Brian is referred to as the control center of the body and mind. All bodily functions are directly controlled or influenced by this master organ. Although Brain is less than 3% of the body’s mass, it receives 20% of the total blood flow.

Stroke is a localized damage to brain tissues caused by loss of oxygen due to blockage in an artery or internal bleeding. Depending upon the location and the extent of the damaged area, patients can lose sensory, motor, or reasoning ability and in many cases are fatal.

According to the National Stroke Association, approximately 732,000 Americans suffer a stroke each year and 160,000 die. Approximately 250 per 100,000 people are affected by this condition each year. Japanese, Hispanics, and African Americans are more likely to have a stroke than Caucasians. The average age of a stroke sufferer is 70; however, people can be affected as young as 30 years of age.

Brain Stroke is fast emerging as a silent killer of youngsters. According to the registry maintained by the Neurosciences centre at AIIMS, a fourth of patients suffering from brain strokes are young adults. And the cases are steadily rising as the strokes in young patients often go undetected. Stroke is said to be the third leading cause of death in world but in India it is the second largest cause of death. The incidence of stroke is on the rise in developing countries. In the developed world prevalence of stroke among young adult is 3.5-8%, but in India it is up to 35%. India is set to become Diabetes capital by 2020 and with that Stroke will gain epidemic proportions.

The Indian Council of Medical Research has a Stroke surveillance programme. It indicates that cases of Stroke have shot up drastically in the past two decades. In a survey conducted three decades ago the incidence was 39-79 per 100,000 populations. But recent studies show that the prevalence is nearly 250-300 per 100,000. In some pockets of India it is as high as 800-900 per 100,000 populations.

Ignorance is the Culprit: 
People are more aware of signs of a heart attack and rush to a Hospital even if they have a minor chest pain. But for Brain stroke the initial symptoms are often missed or misinterpreted as weakness. However, Transient Ischemic attack (TIA) symptoms should be taken seriously as they are markers of an impending brain stroke. Most young adults dismiss warning signs like dizziness, temporary loss of vision, sudden weakness in limbs and difficulty in speaking or understanding words, as such symptoms disappear within 24 hours. But all these are symptoms of a transient ischemic stroke (TIA), which warn of a lethal brain stroke.
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